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Tanzania

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Welcome to Tanzania

Tanzania

Capital: Dodoma
Population:  51,820,000 (2014 estimate)
Dialing Code: +255
Currency: Tanznian Shilling
Time zone: EAT (UTC +3)
Official language:  Swahil
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Tanzania is an East African country Known for its vast wildnerness areas and is officially known as the United Republic of Tanzania. Located in east Africa within the African great lakes region, parts of the country are in Southern Africa. It is bordered by Kenya and Uganda to the north; Rwanda, Burundi and the Democratic republic of congo to the west; Zambia, Malawi and Mozambique to the south and by the Indian ocean to the east.

Dar es Salaam which means literally "the residence of peace"; or simply Dar, is the largest city of Tanzania and the largest city in eastern Africa by population, as well as a regionally important economic centre. It is Tanzania's most prominent city in arts, fashion, media, music, film and television. Dar es Salaam is the largest and most populous Swahili speaking city in the world.
The world’s tallest mountain, Mount Kilimanjaro is located in northeastern Tanzania. Its diverse culture and people, its vast array of game reserves and national parks make it a prime location for tourists.

Information & Facts

Attraction Overview

A lot of Tanzanian  land has been set aside for conservation purposes. There are 16 national parks, 29 game reserves and 16 national parks. Fun activities to engage guests include: wildlife safaris, boating and canoeing , diving and snorkeling , mountain climbing, balloon safaris, historical sites, bird watching, fishing, horse and camel riding , mountain biking, paragliding shopping and nightlife.

A vast majority of tourists visit Zanzibar and or a "northern circuit" of Serengeti National Park, the Ngorongoro Conservation Area (NCA), Tarangire National Park, Lake Manyara National Park, and Mount Kilimanjaro. Tanzania  also boasts of some of the most impressive national parks and game reserves in Africa. The Serengeti National Park is considered the continent’s premier spot to see wildlife roam unheeded across vast open plains.

Not to be forgotten, the Selous Game Reserve is larger than Switzerland, and is wild, remote and still virtually untouched by humans.Even further from the beaten path are parks in the extreme west of the country which offer the unique opportunity to track chimpanzees in their natural habitat on the fringes of Lake Tanganyika, one of Africa’s Great Lakes.Beyond its safari stalwarts, Tanzania has a sublime coastline and pearly-white beaches with some magnificent islands offshore. 

Business

Tanzania  is one of the poorest countries as of 2014. It is a middle power country with a GDP which ranks 23rd among 45 Sub-Saharan african countries. It is recently experiencing a resurgence in its economy and is expanding rapidly due to its investment in tourism, telecommunications  and banking sectors. Its economy is also heavily dependent on agriculture with maize, sugar cotton, coffee, sisal, and tea are some of its exports.Tanzania also exports sizeable quanities of gemstones such as diamonds and tanzanite.

Climate

Tanzania can be visited year-round, although the best time for travelling is outside of the rainy season between June and October, when temperatures stay well below their summer peaks.The climate is tropical and coastal areas are hot and humid, while the northwestern highlands are cool and temperate. The central plateau tends to be dry and arid throughout the year.  Beach side locations like Zanzibar can be fine to visit during the hotter months of December to January, when ocean breezes make the high temperatures bearable (though humidity can still be high)

Communications

The communication sector in Tanzania is fast growing and has a fibre optic cable network but internt bandwidth remains low. Its calling code is +255 and both voice and data services are available.Mailing services are also available.

Customs

There are over 120 ethnic groups on the Tanzanian mainland, most of who migrated from other parts of Africa over the millennia, whilst on the coast, the Swahili people originated from an eclectic mix of traders – Arabic, Persian and Chinese among others. Tanzanians are  mostly  christians and moslem with a small number follow traditional religions and there are some Asian communities including Sikhs and Hindus.It is the convention to use the right hand, not the left, to shake hands or pass or receive anything. The standard greeting of 'hello' is jambo.

Swahili and English are the official languages. The terms Swahili and Kiswahili are used interchangeably, though the term Swahili normally refers to the people while Kiswahili refers to the language. Originating along the coast, Kiswahili is a Bantu language with many words derived from Arabic. Other African languages such as Bantu and those of Nilo-Hamitic and Khoisan origin are also spoken in more remote regions

Duty Free

The following items may be imported into Tanzania by travellers over 17 without incurring customs duty:

  •  250g of cigarettes, cigars and tobacco (combined weight).
  • 1L of spirits or wine.
  • 500ml of perfume and eau de toilette, of which no more than a quarter may be perfume.

Banned imports:

  • Unlicensed firearms and ammunition.
  • Plants and plant products require a phytosanitary certificate.

Banned exports:

The export of gold, diamonds and tanzanite unless bought from a licensed jeweller is prohibited. Exporting souvenirs made from wildlife skins (this includes reptiles), shells and coral is forbidden.

Electricity

Tanzania has 220 volt electricity, meaning unless your computer or appliance is dual voltage or designed for 220 volts, you will need a converter or transformer. The cycles (Hz) are 50 per second.
For the most part, there are two types of electrical sockets (outlets) used in the United Republic of Tanzania: the "Type G " British BS-1363 and the "Type D" Indian (old British BS-546 5 amp "small") sockets.

Getting Around

Most transport in Tanzania is done by road. There are also two railway companies which provide service between Dar es Salaam with central and northern  Tanzania.  Car hires are available also but can be expensive . You can also hail taxis all over the country. Note that these taxis are not metered and you have to negotiatiate for fares before you get in.


The most popular place to hire a bike is in Zanzibar. Note that most bikes are old fashioned and motorists have little or no respect for cyclists.
You either need an international driving permit or can pay a small fee to have your own country license endorsed in Tanzania by the police (the car hire company organizes this). Third-party insurance is mandatory and it’s recommended to take out the additional collision damage waiver. A credit card is also needed.

Health

A yellow fever vaccination certificate is required from all travellers over one year of age.Before leaving home, visit the doctor or a travel clinic for advice on vaccinations, malaria prophylactics and general advice. Basic traveler vaccinations recommended include yellow fever, tetanus, typhoid and hepatitis A. It is vital to take out comprehensive travel medical insurance, and it is essential that is should include repatriation to your home country in the event of an emergency. There are a wide variety of policies to choose from, so shop around. If you are going to be active in Tanzania (mountain climbing or scuba-diving for example), ensure the policy has adequate provision.

Note that there is a risk of contracting Malaria; tourists are advised to take proper preventive medication and maintain proper dress code. Mosquito repellants should be used in abundance and watch for signs. There are decent private hospitals in Dar es Salaam, Arusha and Stone Town in Zanzibar.

Language

Swahili and English are the official languages

Money

The official currency is the Tanzanian Shilling (TZS; symbol TSh) with denominations in notes and coins. In Kiswahili, it is shilingi and written prices are often denoted with the symbol /=; i.e, 100/= is the same as TSh100.Most top-end hotels, safari lodges, airlines and tour operators accept Visa and MasterCard 

Passport Visa

A passport valid for at least six months beyond the date of entry to Tanzania is required by all nationals. You can obtain single-entry and transit visas on arrival at the port of entry into Tanzania. Passport photos are not required; all other requirements must be in place. However, multiple-entry business visas cannot be issued at the point of entry and you must obtain these in advance through Tanzania’s embassies. For more information about visas, visit the website for the Immigration Services. 

Safety

Tanzania is, overall, a safe country to visit. This is even more so if your visit is primarily an organized safari. Almost a million tourists visit Tanzania every year and most visits are trouble-free. There have been several terrorist attacks in the past, but the last one, where a hotel was bombed, was in 2002. Unfortunately, terrorism has become part of life and it is very difficult if not impossible, to safeguard against it. Fortunately, incidents are very rare and the chance of being a random victim is almost negligent. As with many third-world countries, theft and muggings are relatively common, but most incidents are in cities like Dar-es-Salaam and Arusha. Walking alone around the city is not recommended. An overnight stay at a reputable hotel or an organized visit to one of the many attractions in or around the city is fine.

Time

Time zone: EAT (UTC +3)

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