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Welcome to Antarctica

Antarctica

Antarctica
Land Area of Antarctica: 5,405,000 (mi²) / 12,949,940 (km²).
Population of Antarctica: 4,912 (2015).
Largest City in Antarctica: McMurdo Station (1,258) (2013).

Holding the title as the smallest continent and coldest continent, Antarctica is the southernmost continent on the world map. It is home to the South Pole and characteristically least number of people on earth. The continent plays host to a few native plants and animals because it is covered mainly in ice that can be more than a mile thick which forms permanent glaciers . You can also find seals, plants and fungi.  It is the only continent that has no reptiles on its land mass.

Antarctica, on average, is the coldest, driest, and windiest continent, and has the highest average elevation of all the continents.

Several governments maintain permanent manned research stations on the continent. The number of people conducting and supporting scientific research and other work on the continent and its nearby islands varies from about 1,000 in winter to about 5,000 in the summer, giving it a population density between 70 and 350 inhabitants per million square kilometres (180 and 900 per million square miles) at these times. Many of the stations are staffed year-round, the winter-over personnel typically arriving from their home countries for a one-year assignment. An Orthodox church—Trinity Church, opened in 2004 at the Russian Bellingshausen Station—is manned year-round by one or two priests, who are similarly rotated every year.

 

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