Cambodia, Asia - Wontra Travels

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Welcome to Cambodia

Cambodia

Capital: Phnom Penh

Dialling Code: +855

Driving Side: Right

Language: Khmer

Population:  15,458,332 (2014)

Religion: Theravada Buddhism

Population: 15.7 million (2015)

Bordered by Laos to the North, Thailand to the Northwest, Gulf of Thailand to the southwest and Vietnam to the east; the Kingdom of Cambodia (or Simply Cambodia) is the successor state to the mighty Khmer empire. It is also widely referred to, as “Kampuchea” in the East.

Gradually emerging as one of the warmest, most welcoming destinations in Southeast Asia, Cambodia’s capital - Phnom Penh, is the largest city a and home to the art deco Central Market, glittering Royal Palace and the National Museum's historical and archaeological exhibits.

Siem Reap is more popular as being the access point to the ruins of Angkor Wat, a massive stone temple complex built during the Khmer Empire.

The formerly war-torn nation is divided into 25 provinces including the capital. These provinces are subdivided into 159 districts and 26 municipalities. The districts and municipalities in turn are further divided into communes (khum) and quarters (sangkat).

Although Agriculture is the traditional mainstay of the Cambodian economy, the tourism and textile industry accounts for the country’s foreign exchange deposit. The country boasts of other typical attractions such as the Mekong River, Preah Vihear, Sihanoukville, Tonle Sap, Bokor Hill Station, Silver Pagoda, and Bayon Temple.

Information & Facts

Attraction Overview

Cambodia has a number of must see places during your trip, such as Siem Reap with Ankor Wat, Phnom Penh the capital and SihanoukVille or SVille for short in the south and the closest you will get to a classic beach resort. 
 

Climate

Like most of Southeast Asia, Cambodia’s climate is hot and warm almost all year round. The climate is dominated by the annual monsoon cycle of rainy and dry seasons. The rainy season lasts from May to October, and the dry season from November to April. December to January are the coolest months, while the hottest period is in April. The average temperature is around 27-28ºC.

Electricity

Electricity in Cambodia is 230V, with a frequency of 50hz. Many hotels and guest houses have universal sockets which accept European-style plugs (with two round pins), North American-style plugs (with two flat pins) and British-style plugs (with three square pins). Power cuts are frequent.

Getting Around

Bus The most popular form of transport for most travellers, connecting all major towns and cities.
 
Car: Private car or 4WD is an affordable option for those who value time above money.
 
Motorbike: An amazing way to travel for experienced riders.
 
Air: Domestic flights link Phnom Penh and Siem Reap.
 
Boat: Less common than in the old days of bad roads, but Siem Reap to either Battambang or Phnom Penh remain popular routes.

Language

Khmer is the official language of Cambodia. While tourists may wish to learn a few spoken phrases before or when visiting Cambodia, English is widely spoken and understood. French and Mandarin are also spoken frequently in the country; most elderly Cambodians speak French and many people in the Khmer-Chinese population speak Mandarin.

Money

Cambodian Riel (KHR; symbol CR) is the country’s official currency but locals prefer to use dollars.

Bank notes are in denominations of CR100, 000, 50, 000, 20, 000, 10, 000, 5, 000, 2, 000, 1, 000, 500, 200, 100 and 50. Dollars notes (not coins) are also widely accepted, yet visitors in small villages and shops vendors may not have change for high notes (including $10+).

It is advisable to keep hold of small Riel change wherever you can as it is very useful.

ATMs are widely available, including in all major tourist centres and provincial capitals. Credit cards are accepted by many hotels and restaurants in larger cities.

Time

Indochina Time Zone - UTC +7 

Tipping

Tipping is not traditionally expected here, but in a country as poor as Cambodia, tips can go a long way. Salaries remain extremely low and service is often friendly and attentive. Many of the upmarket hotels levy a 10% service charge, but this doesn’t always make it to the staff. If you stay a couple of nights in the same hotel, try to remember to tip the staff that clean your room. Consider tipping drivers and guides, as the time they spend on the road means time away from home and family.
 
It is considered proper to make a small donation at the end of a visit to a wat, especially if a monk has shown you around; most wats have contribution boxes for this purpose. - LonelyPlanet
 
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