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Welcome to Australia

Australia

Land Area of Australia: 2,970,000 (mi²) / 5,179,976 (km²)
Population of Australia: 23,130,000 (2013)
Largest City in Australia: Sydney, Australia (4,840,628) (2014)

The continent gets its name from the latin word ‘australis’ which translates to mean southern. As a result of the continent’s geography and size, it is often referred to as an “island” continent but the continent of Australia includes the mainland of the country Australia and the island regions of New Guinea, Tasmania, and Seram. During ice ages, when much of the world’s water was frozen in glaciers, the Australian mainland was connected by land bridges to these islands.

 Australia is the smallest of the 7 continents but is home to the sixth largest country which is known by the same name, Australia. The Indian Ocean is found on the western side and the Pacific Ocean is found on the eastern side of the continent mainly influenced by people of different cultures.

It is also the most isolated and remote continent and has a wide variety of animals and plants such as the kangaroo, koala, dingo, wallaby and wombat. Of the 5700 hundred species of animals on the continent of Australia and more than 80 percent cannot be found anywhere else in the world.

New Zealand is not part of the continent of Australia, but of the separate, submerged continent of Zealandia. Although Australia has no official language, English has always been entrenched as the de facto national language. Australian English is a major variety of the language with a distinctive accent and lexicon, and differs slightly from other varieties of English in grammar and spelling.General Australian serves as the standard dialect. According to the 2011 census, English is the only language spoken in the home for close to 81% of the population. The next most common languages spoken at home are Mandarin, Italian, Arabic , Cantonese , Greek , and Vietnamese ; a considerable proportion of first- and second-generation migrants are bilingual. 

Australia has no state religion; Section 116 of the Australian Constitution prohibits the federal government from making any law to establish any religion, impose any religious observance, or prohibit the free exercise of any religion

Tourism in Australia is an important component of the Australian economy. In calendar year 2015, there were 7.4 million visitor arrivals. Tourism employed 580,800 people in Australia in 2014-15, About 43.7% of persons employed in tourism were part-time. 

Popular Australian destinations include the coastal cities of Sydney and Melbourne, as well as other high profile destinations including regional Queensland, the Gold Coast and the Great Barrier Reef, the world's largest reef. Uluru and the Australian outback are other popular locations, as is the Tasmanian wilderness. The unique Australian wildlife is also another significant point of interest in the country's tourism.

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