Brazil, South America - Wontra Travels

Brazil

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Welcome to Brazil

Brazil

Brazil

Continent: South America

Capital: Brasília

Population: 205 million                                                                                                       

Dialing Code: +55

Currency: Real (R$)

Time zone: BRT (UTC−2 to −5)

Official language:  Portuguese

The Federative Republic of Brazil is the largest country in both South America and Latin America as well as the world's fifth-largest country by both area and population. The country is the largest to have Portuguese as an official language, and the only one in the Americas.Bounded by the Atlantic Ocean on the east, Brazil has a coastline of 7,491 km (4,655 mi). It borders all other South American countries except Ecuador and Chile and occupies 47.3 percent of the continent of South America. Its Amazon River basin includes a vast tropical forest, home to diverse wildlife, a variety of ecological systems, and extensive natural resources spanning numerous protected habitats. This unique environmental heritage makes Brazil one of 17 megadiverse countries, and is the subject of significant global interest and debate regarding deforestation and environmental protection.

Brazil,  stretches from the Amazon Basin in the north to vineyards and massive Iguaçu Falls in the south. Rio de Janeiro, symbolized by the Christ the Redeemer statue atop Mt. Corcovado, is famed for its busy Copacabana and Ipanema beaches as well as its enormous, raucous Carnival festival, featuring parade floats, flamboyant costumes and samba.

Information & Facts

Attraction Overview

From the beaches of Rio, to the deep jungle of the amazon, there is so much to see and feel. Brazil offers for both domestic and international tourists a wide array of options, with natural areas and perfect beaches being its most popular tourisms sites with mainly sun and beach, and adventure travel, as well as historic and cultural tourism. Among the most popular destinations are the Amazon Rainforest, beaches and dunes in the Northeast Region, the Pantanal in the Center-West Region, beaches at Rio de Janeiro and Santa Catarina, cultural and historic tourism in Minas Gerais and business trips to São Paulo city.

The main natural attractions in Brazil are:  The Amazon Jungle, the Amazon River, the many other rainforests of this tropical and subtropical region, the extensive beaches and bays that line the coast, and fascinating plant and animal species in Brazil.The African legacy is also ever present in the everyday life of the local life and religion of the residents. The hills and peaks of the serra da canastra are an invitation for you to explore the woods and waterfalls.

Places of interest include: Brasillia, Sao Paulo, Manaus, Salvador and the unforgettable Rio de Janeiro

Business

Brazil is the largest national economy in latin America and the world's eight largest economy. Its major export Cofee has been exported for 150 years. It  has also become the fourth largest car market in the world. Other major exports include: aircraft, electrical equipment, automobiles, ethanol, textiles, footwear, iron ore, steel, coffee, orange juice, soybeans and corned beef.However this resource rich nation has been experiencing recession since 2013, along with inflation and corruption charges have been leveled against a major oil business.

Tourism is becoming a major industry in Brazil, Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo are two of the most visited destinations in the country, offering visitors (whether in the country on business or pleasure) a fabulous peek into the complex heritage and natural spectacle of Brazil.

Climate

Brazil has climates that suit all tastes, thanks to its great territorial extension, combined with factors such as altitude, pressure and ocean proximity. The average annual temperature is 28° C in the North and 20° C in the South of the country.The Brazilian winter happens between June and September and in some cities of the South and Southeast, temperatures reach less than 0° C, with frost and snow. In the summer, you can enjoy a 40° C heat in cities such as Rio de Janeiro. Summer in Brazil is the best time to go to the beach, drink coconut water, plunge into the sea and sunbathe.Regardless of the season, it’s always a good idea to pack a coat and pants, because the weather can change suddenly in some locations, especially in mountain and coastal regions.

Communications

The National Telecommunications Agency (Anatel) is the Brazilian Government agency in charge of administering phone operations in the country and on their website you can learn more about codes, carriers and other information. The international code for Brazil is + 55. Use of mobile phone. The use of a foreign phone in Brazil depends on the technology used and the compatibility with Brazilian operators. Check with your carrier for cell phone usage conditions in Brazil, because the service rates may differ.

For long distance calls in the country: 0 + operator code + city code + destination phone number.For collect calls, simply change the 0 to 90 at the start of the call.For international calls from Brazil: 00 + operator code + country code + city code + destination phone number.To call service numbers (900, 0800, 0900, 0300, 800), you don’t need to dial the operator code

 

Customs

The core culture of Brazil is derived from Portuguese culture, because of its strong colonial ties with the Portuguese empire. The culture was, however, also strongly influenced by African, indigenous and non-Portuguese European cultures and traditions. These influences are present in its diverse and rich music, literature, cuisine, cinema, sports and dance. 

Duty Free

The following goods may be imported into Brazil by travellers over 18 years of age without incurring customs duty:

  • 12L of alcohol
  • 200 cigarettes and 25 cigars and 250g of tobacco.
  • 20 items (such as small gifts) worth up to US$10 each (or US$5 if arriving via land).

The total value of the above items should not exceed US$500 if arriving via air or sea or US$300 if arriving via land, river or lake. In addition to the US$500 limit, travellers can buy goods up to US$500 in value at the duty-free shop on arrival in Brazil. The following limits apply:

  • 24 units of alcohol.
  • 20 packs of cigarettes made outside Brazil and 25 cigars and 250g of tobacco.
  • 10 toiletry items including cosmetics.
  • 3 of the following: watches, toys, games or electronic items.

Banned imports:
Prohibited imports include toy, replica and imitation firearms, illegal drugs, cigarettes and drinks manufactured in Brazil intended for sale abroad, unlicensed wildlife species, and counterfeit and pirated goods.Restricted items which you must declare and have prior authorisation for include firearms and ammunition, drugs (other than prescribed drugs for personal use), animals, animal products, plants and seeds.

 

Electricity

The electricity voltage in Brazil varies between 110V and 220V depending on the location. Many hotels offer wall sockets in both voltages, and it is easy to find portable voltage transformers in construction shops.

Health

Public health services in Brazil are free for foreign tourists. So, if you are in an accident or present any health problems, just call the Mobile Emergency Service (Samu) dialing 192 on the phone. The call is free. Always carry a bottle of water for dehydration, insect repellants for insects and wash hands with soap and water after using public transportation. Also avoid consuming foods that have been poorly packaged.
For Zika virus prevention, it is necessary to use repellent and long-sleeved clothes (especially in the early morning and late afternoon). In case you have symptoms such as fever, rashes, headaches, pain behind the eyes, pain in the body and joints, or red spots throughout the body, the Brazilian Ministry of Health advises that you should look for a hospital or health unit and drink plenty of liquids.
There is also the risk of contacting malaria in the Amazonian  regions, ensure that you pay attention to the diseases symptoms. You can also take anti malaria medication before arrival as a precaution.

Language

The official language of Brazil is Portuguese, which is derived from the language in Portugal, but with different accent and some different expressions. Many Brazilians speak English and Spanish, and in some States, you can also find people speaking German (Santa Catarina and Rio Grande do Sul, for example), Italian (São Paulo and Paraná, for example), indigenous languages (Amazonas and Mato Grosso do Sul, for example) and other languages.

Money

Brazil’s currency is the Real (R$). Foreign currencies and travelers ‘ checks can be exchanged for Real (R$) in banks, travel agencies and authorized hotels.

Passport Visa

Due to the Olympic Games and Paralympic Games Rio 2016, tourists from Australia, Canada, the United States and Japan are exempt from a visa to enter Brazil during the period from June 1st to September 18th 2016. The exemption applies only and exclusively to tourist travels, for a period of up to 90 days. Citizens of countries that are members of the Mercosul do not require visas, only a valid passport or valid identity document are required.To learn more about the documentation and procedures for granting visas, see the Brazilian embassy/consulate in your country of origin.

BRAZIL VISA REQUIREMENTS FOR NIGERIANS

1. Two identical passport sizes (Coloured on white background).

2. A valid passport (valid for 6 months)

3. Self introduction letter (Stating the purpose of visit, arrival & departure dates, Residential address, phone number and brief description of the nature of the job).

4. Introduction letter from an employer signed with contact details, purpose of visit, arrival & departure dates.

5. Copy of financial status (six months bank statement, signed and stamped) and Reference letter from the bank.

7. Marriage certificate (Photocopy)

10. Invitation letter in Portuguese with copy of ID of signatory 

11. Official I.D card.

12. Certificate of incorporation if you owns the company.

Safety

Most tourists have a good experience when arriving in Brazil, but, especially in the big cities, you must be careful not to become targeted by thugs. See below our tips about safety during your trip:


Upon arriving at the airport, look for registered cabs.
Whenever you need to open your wallet in public, avoid exposing big cash notes.
Do not place your wallet or your phone in the back pockets of your pants, especially in places that are very busy and full.
Do not carry large amounts of cash in your wallet, purse or bag. Take only small amounts in the country’s currency for daily expenditures.
If you have to take a lot of money, keep it in bags used inside your clothing, closed with zippers or velcro strap and tied with an elastic around your waist.
Avoid leaving with important documents and, if you have more than one credit card, take only one. In case your credit card gets stolen, you will have another card for future spending.
Leave your passport where you are staying and take only a certified copy of it.
Use the safe where you are staying, if the place has one, to keep your money, original passport, credit cards and other important items.
Most thefts occur in places where there are large concentrations of people, like markets, subway stations, bus stations and full buses. Luggage theft is also common in airport lounges. Keep an eye out.
Avoid walking through empty places or neighborhoods indicated as dangerous by the local residents. This advice is especially important in large cities and to people who are travelling alone.
Be wary of people who offer a ride in a non-registered cab, at the airport or in any other location.
If you go to the beach, don’t leave your belongings in the sand while you go into the water.
If you rent a car, don’t leave any luggage or bags visible inside. If this is unavoidable, try to park the vehicle in a safe place, where there is policing.

Time

Time zone: BRT (UTC−2 to −5)

Tipping

Wages for many Brazilian service workers are low, and tipping in Brazil for several professions is customary and is always appreciated. However, the amount or percentage of the tip is far less than in the United States.

Restaurants: A 10 percent “servico” charge is often added to the bill. While there is no legal obligation to pay it, it is customary to do so.

Taxi: Tipping is not expected, but cabbies will often round to the nearest real. No one likes to deal with change in Brazil, even in supermarkets cashiers will round to the nearest five cents.

Hotel: Tip at least R$5 (US$3) per person in hotels for the room service, maids and bellboys.

Other: In nightclubs, people are given a paper ticket that tracks each individual’s drinks, and it is paid at the end of the night so bartenders never deal with cash. Most of the time, a 10 percent service charge will be added, so you do not have to tip.

Food delivery does not require a tip because there is often already a delivery fee. Tipping for beauty and hair is not standard.

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