Egypt, Africa - Wontra Travels

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Welcome to Egypt


Continent: Africa
Capital: Cairo
Population: 91,227,000 (2016 estimate)
Dialing Code: +20
Currency: Egyptian pound (EGP)
Time zone: CAT (UTC+2)
Language: Arabic, Egyptian Arabic



Egypt, officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a country linking northeast Africa with Middle East. Egypt has one of the longest histories of any modern country arising in 10BC as one of the world’s first nation. It is considered the ancient cradle of civilization, with the earliest documented developments in writing, agriculture, urbanization, organized religion and central government. It is bordered by the Gaza Strip, Israel, the Gulf of Aqaba, Sudan, Libya and the Red Sea. It is lined with millennia old monuments such as the colossal Pyramids and Sphinx at Giza and the hieroglyph lined Kamak Temple and Valley of the Kings tombs in Luxor.

The Capital, Cairo is home to Ottoman landmarks such as Muhammad Ali Mosque and as the most populous country in North Africa, the medieval city is bustling with bazaars, noseless sphinxes, river cruises and exotic resorts such as the Sharm el Sheikh with its world class and high class hotel and diving facilities.

Egypt is a complicated but fascinating country and its people are proud, accessible and welcoming. its coral reefs are splendid . Visitors can engaging in bartering for a bargain in Cairo’s ancient Khan al-Khalili bazaar, taking tea and falling into long conversation with a local, or simply stopping awhile in a remote village, silent but for the chatter of hooves on tarmac, will give a glimpse of a country full of character, colour and fortitude.The political and security situation in the country has been relatively stable since the ousting of former longtime president Hosni Mubarak and installment of Abdel Fattah el-Sisi .

Information & Facts

Attraction Overview

Tourism is one of the most important parts of Egypts economy, although it has taken more hits due to the recent airline mishaps. Majour tourist destinations include the pyramids and the Great Sphinx at Giza, the Abu Simbel temples south of Aswan and the Karnak Temple Complex and Valley of the kings.

The country also hosts some of the best seaside resorts in the world. For first timers, a visit to the Giza Plateau and Naama Bay is a must. The Salah El-Din Fortress on Pharaoh Island and the Sinai Peninsula has the best beach resorts. Ain Sukhna also has a number of beach resorts.

For visit to the temples and tombs of the famous Egyptian kings, the archeological site of Abu Simbel which comprises two massive rock temples carved out during the reign of Pharaoh Ramses II. For summer visits, Alexandria is the place to be with lots of beaches, ancient history and museums (especially the Bibliotheca Alexandria). Historic buildings and ancient mosques can be found in Assuit.

Egypt celebrates many festivals and religious carnivals, also known as mulid. They are usually associated with a particular Coptic or Sufi saint, but are often celebrated by Egyptians irrespective of creed or religion. Ramadan has a special flavour in Egypt, celebrated with sounds, lights (local lanterns known as fawanees) and much flare that many Muslim tourists from the region flock to Egypt to witness during Ramadan.
The ancient spring festival of Sham en Nisim has been celebrated by Egyptians for thousands of years, typically between the Egyptian months of Paremoude (April) and Pashons (May), following Easter Sunday.


Egypt’s economy depends mainly on agriculture, media, petroleum imports, natural gas and tourism. 


Egypt’s economy depends mainly on agriculture, media, petroleum imports, natural gas and tourism. 


Cellular GSM services are available in the country with 3 companies offering its services: Mobinil, Vodafone Egypt and Etisalat. Egypt post is also responsible for postal services in Egypt.

Roaming exists with many international mobile phone companies, although coverage is limited to Cairo, Alexandria and major towns along the north coastline of the Red Sea and the Nile. If you’re in Egypt for some time, it is much cheaper to buy a local SIM card, either Vodafone or MobiNil, if your mobile phone is unblocked.

The Egyptian press is one of the most influential and widely read in the region, while Egyptian TV and the film industry supplies much of the Arab-speaking world with shows from its Media Production City. Press freedom is encouraged. Press laws which allow prison sentences for libel have encouraged self-censorship on sensitive issues.


With a predominantly Muslim population, strict rules from the Koran are enforced. Men should not offer to shake a woman's hand, and vice versa, unless clearly invited to do so. Men and women should dress smartly for business meetings – suits and tie for men; suit for women or smart trousers/skirt/jacket – and always dress modestly. Shoulders and knees should never be shown.

Hospitality is a key element in the country and tourists are required to pay a fee if they want to take photographs inside pyramids, tombs and museums. There are also pockets of Christians and jewish in the country.

Duty Free

The following items may be imported into Egypt by travellers over 18 without incurring customs duty:
• 200 cigarettes or 25 cigars or 200g of tobacco.
• 2L of alcoholic beverages.
Note: You should declare currency over E£500 on arrival.
Banned imports:
Drugs, firearms and cotton.
Banned exports:
Drugs, firearms and cotton


The Electric power voltage: 220-240 Volts . Electrical sockets (outlets) in the Arab Republic of Egypt are one of the two European standard electrical socket types: The "Type C" Europlug and the "Type E" and "Type F" Schuko. If your appliance's plug doesn't match the shape of these sockets, you will need a travel plug adapter in order to plug in.

Getting Around

There are nine International airports in Egypt that serve both locals and foreigners. The Egyptian railway is the backbone of passenger transportation in Egypt. It represents the fast and inexpensive way of travelling between the major towns.  Getting by road can be hazardous and notoriously chaotic. Car hire services  and taxis are available for tourists. 


Egyptian healthcare system is good. Public hospitals are open to tourists. Healthcare provision and standards of hygiene are low in the rural areas. Yellow fever vaccination certificate is required from the travelers over one year coming from infected areas.

You should avoid uncooked vegetables and peeled fruit that may have been washed in tap water . Make sure any farm produce is thouroughly cooked and ensure that you are Immunised against Polio, Hepatitis B, Tuberculosis and Bilharzia. Also avoid swimming in water.Visitors should avoid long exposure to the sun and carry bottle of water wherever thy go to avoid dehydration.


Arabic is the official language. English and French are widely spoken.


 The official curency is Egyptian Pound or ginee (LE; symbol E£) = 100 piastres. Notes are in denominations of E£200, 100, 50, 20, 10, 5, 1, 50 piastres and 25 piastres. Credit cards are accepted in  the country by major establishments. 

Passport Visa

Visitors to Egypt must obtain a visa from one of the Egyptian diplomatic missions unless they come from one of the visa exempt countries or countries that are eligible for visa on arrival. Visitors must hold passports that are valid for at least 6 months from the date of arrival to Egypt.


Time zone : Central Afttrican Time CAT (UTC+2)


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